Nature-based Solutions Initiative

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Nature-based Solutions Initiative

What are Nature-based Solutions?

Nature-based Solutions are actions that work with and enhance natural habitats to help address societal challenges, including helping people adapt to the effects of change and disasters. Key examples include the restoration of coastal ecosystems to protect communities from storm surges and erosion, agroforestry to stabilise crop yields in drier climates, and forest restoration to regulate water supplies and protect against flooding and landslides. Nature-based Solutions to climate change, if grounded in sound biodiversity science, can be low cost and low risk whilst also protecting the ecosystems on which we depend.

What is the Nature-based Solutions Initiative?

The Nature-based Solutions Initiative is an interdisciplinary programme of research, policy advice and education based at the University of Oxford.  It brings together natural, physical and social scientists with economists, governance and finance experts from across the University and beyond. Its mission is to enhance understanding of the potential of Nature-based Solutions to address global challenges and increase their sustainable implementation worldwide. We apply leading-edge thinking from across multiple disciplines to shore up the scholarship around the socioeconomic and ecological effectiveness of NbS in a warming world, and to bring about a step-change in how NbS are financed and governed.  In July 2020, we will be hosting the Nature-based Solution Conference. Please join us.

Scientific Evidence

We consolidate and review scientific studies of the role of nature in helping people adapt to the hazardous effects of climate change. Our searchable bibliography brings together papers on economic, social, and environmental dimensions of Nature-based Solutions to climate change impacts, but also includes studies of the carbon capture potential of natural systems, policy papers and articles highlighting research gaps. Meanwhile, our evidence platform on the effectiveness of Nature-based Solutions categorizes studies investigating links between nature-based interventions and climate impacts, based on a robust systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature.

Global Policy

We collate information on the extent of global commitment to Nature-based Solutions in climate change policy, with an initial focus on the pledges of all signatories to the UNFCCC Paris Agreement. You can explore our data in a global analysis and by individual country to assess how nations are planning to adapt to climate change and to review and compare stated vulnerabilities, actions and targets. Our aim is to facilitate the revision of climate pledges, with the long term goal of increasing ambition for science-based targets for Nature-based Solutions.


To see our animation explaining the importance of nature in a warming world, click here.

To check out our global policy platform, click here.

To explore the evidence for the effectiveness of Nature-based Solutions to climate change impacts, click here.


We are a group of natural and social scientists based in in Oxford and London led by Professor Nathalie Seddon and partnered with NGOs across the globe.

Prof. Nathalie Seddon (Director) 

Dr Cecile Girardin (Artistic and Technical Director) 

Dr Alexandre Chausson (Senior Researcher and Coordinator)

Dr Pam Berry (Senior Associate) 

Dr Alison Smith (Senior Associate)

Prof. Monirul Islam (Senior Associate) 

Beth Turner, MSc (Researcher)

Nicole Chabaneix (Researcher)

Alifa Bintha Haque (DPhil Student)

Bailey Anderson (DPhil Student)


Key partners

International Institute for Environment and Developmen

International Centre for Climate Change and Development 

International Union for the Conservation of Nature

United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre

The Wildlife Conservation Society