Interdisciplinary Centre for Conservation Science

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Interdisciplinary Centre for Conservation Science

About the Group

Our work addresses the challenges that humanity faces in halting the decline of global biodiversity. We work at the interface of social and ecological systems, using a range of methodologies and interdisciplinary approaches to address key issues in current conservation.

Our underlying philosophy is that in order to make progress we need to consider the incentives, pressures and challenges faced by individual decision-makers, and to bring together multidisciplinary teams who are best placed to address these issues. From black rhinos to blue whales … when we think of conservation, many of us think of it as the science of saving endangered species. But that’s only a small part of a far bigger picture. After all, species are only a small part of biodiversity, ecosystems and habitats - on land, and in our rivers and seas. 

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Recent Publications

For full list of publications click here.


Alfino, S. and Roberts, D. L. (2019) Estimating identification uncertainties in CITES ‘look-alike’ species. Global Ecology and Conservation, Vol 18.

Burgass, M.J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Stewart Lowndes, J.S., O’Hara, C., Afflerbach, J.C. & Halpern, B.S. (2019). A pan-Arctic assessment of the status of marine social-ecological systems. Regional Environmental Change, 19, 293–308.

Challender, DWS., & MacMillan, D.C. (Submitted). Investigating the influence of non-state actors on amendments to the CITES Appendices. Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy.

Challender, DWS., Hinsley, A., Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2019) Inadequacies in establishing CITES trade bansFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment 17 (4), 199-200.

Challender, DWS., Hoffmann, M., Hoffmann, R., Scott, J., Robinson, J., Cremona, P., Hilton-Taylor, C., Jenkins, RKB., Malsch, K., Conde, D., de Meulenaer, T. (2019) Criteria for CITES species protectionScience 364 (6437), 247-248.

Cugniere, L., Wright, J., & Milner-Gulland, E. (2019). Evidence to action: Research to address illegal wildlife trade. Oryx, 53(3), 411-411. doi:10.1017/S0030605319000371

Cvitanovic, C., Howden, M., Colvin, R.M., Norström, A., Meadow, A.M., Addison, P.F.E. 2019. Maximising the benefits of participatory climate adaptation research by understanding and managing the associated challenges and risks. Environmental Science & Policy. 94, pp.20-31.

de Bie, K, Addison, P.F.E., Cook, C.N. (2017) Integrating decision triggers into conservation management practice. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI:10.1111/1365-2664.1304

Di Minin, E., Brooks, T., Toivonen, T., Butchart, S., Heikinheimo, V., Watson, JEM., Balmford, A., Challender, DWS., Goettsch, B., Jenkins, R., Moilanen, A. (2019) Priority regions for responses to unsustainable commercial species harvesting. Science Advances 5 (4), eaau2879.

Dobson, A.D.M., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Ingram, D.J. et al. Hum Ecol (2019).  A Framework for Assessing Impacts of Wild Meat Hunting Practices in the Tropics Human Ecology

Doughty H, Veríssimo D, Tan RCQ, Lee JSH, Carrasco LR, Oliver K, et al. (2019) Saiga horn user characteristics, motivations, and purchasing behaviour in Singapore. PLoS ONE 14(9): e0222038.

Guerrero, A., Bennett, N., Wilson, K., Carter, N., Gill, D., Mills, M., Ives, C., Selinske, M., Larrosa, C., Bekessy, S., Januchowski-Hartley, F., Travers, H., Wyborn, C. and Nuno, A. (2018) Achieving the promise of integration in social-ecological research: A review and prospectus. Ecology & Society 23(3):38. 

Greenfield S.J. & Veríssimo D. (2019) To what extent is social marketing used in demand reduction campaigns for illegal wildlife products? Social Marketing Quarterly, Vol 25 (1).

Hinsley A, Keane A, St. John FAV, Ibbett H, Nuno A. (2019) Asking sensitive questions using the unmatched count technique: Applications and guidelines for conservation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 00:1–12. doi:10.1111/2041-210X.13137

Hinsley, A., Keane, A., St. John, F.A., Ibbett, H. and Nuno, A. (2019) Asking sensitive questions using the Unmatched Count Technique: Applications and guidelines for conservation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

Ibbett H, & Brittain S, 2019. Conservation publications and their provisions to protect research participants. Conservation Biology. 

Ibbett H, Lay C, Phlai P, Song D, Hong C, Mahood S, & Milner-Gulland EJ. (2019) Conserving a globally threatened species in a semi-natural, agrarian landscape. Oryx, 53(1), 181-191. doi:10.1017/S0030605316001708

Ingram, D., Willcox, D., Challender, DWS. (2019) Evaluation of methods to detect and monitor selected mammalian taxa and its application to pangolin conservationGlobal Ecology and Conservation e00632.

Ingram, D.J., Cronin, D.T., Challender, DWS., Venditti, DM., & Gonder, MK. (2019). Characterising trafficking and trade of pangolins in the Gulf of GuineaGlobal Ecology and Conservation e00576.

Larrosa, C., Carrasco, L.R., Tambosi, L.R., Banks-Leite, C. and Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2019) Spatial conservation planning with ecological and economic feedback effects. Biological Conservation (in press).

Lee Hannah,Christopher Costello,Vittoria Elliot,Brandon Owashi,So Nam,Rodrigo Oyanedel,Ratha Chea,Ouk Vibol,Chheng Phen,Gavin McDonald. Designing freshwater protected areas (FPAs) for indiscriminate fisheriesEcological Modelling. 1 February 2019

Margulies, J., Bullough, L.-A., Hinsley, A., Ingram, D., Cowell, C., Goettsch, B., Klitgard, B., Lavorgna, A., Sinovas, P. and Phelps, J. (2019) Illegal wildlife trade and the persistence of plant blindness. Plants, People, Planet. (In Press)

McQuatters-Gollop, A., Mitchell, I., Vina-Herbon, C., Bedford, J., Addison, P., Lynam, C.P., PN, G., Vermeulen, E., Smith, K., Bayley, D.T.I. and Morris-Webb, E., 2019. From science to evidence–how biodiversity indicators can be used for effective marine conservation policy and management. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, p.109.

Moshier, A., Steadman, J., Roberts, D. L. (2019) Network analysis of a stakeholder community combatting illegal wildlife trade (In press). Conservation Biology.

Musinguzi, P., Bosselmann, A.S., Pouliot, M., 2018. Livelihoods-conservation initiatives: Evidence of socio-economic impacts from organic honey production in Mwingi, Eastern Kenya. For. Policy Econ. 97, 132–145. doi: 10.1016/J.FORPOL.2018.09.010.

Rose DC, Addison P, Ausden M, Bennun L, Mills C, O’Donnell SAL, Parker C, Ryan M, Weatherdon L, Despot-Belmonte K, Sutherland WJ, Robertson RJ (2017) Decision support tools in conservation: a workshop to improve user-centred design. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e21074.

Sutherland et al. (2018) A 2019 horizon scan of emerging issues for global conservationTrends in Ecology and Evolution.

Travers H., Archer L. J., Mwedde, G., Roe, D., Baker J., Plumptre A., Rwetsiba A., Milner‐Gulland E.J. (2019) Understanding complex drivers of wildlife crime to design effective conservation interventions (In Press). Conservation Biology.

Veríssimo, D. (2019) The Past, Present, and Future of Using Social Marketing to Conserve Biodiversity. Social Marketing Quarterly, Vol 25(1):3-8.

Veríssimo, D. and Wan, A. K. (2019) Characterizing efforts to reduce consumer demand for wildlife products. Conservation Biology, Vol 33(3): 623-633. doi:10.1111/cobi.13227

Willcox, D., Nash, H., Trageser, S., Kim, HJ., Hywood, L., Connelly, E., Ichu, IG., Moumbolou, CLM., Ingram, D., & Challender, DWS. (2019) Evaluating methods for the detection and ecological monitoring of pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae). Global Ecology and Conservation e00539.

Williams VL, ‘t Sas-Rolfes MJ (2019) Born captive: A survey of the lion breeding, keeping and hunting industries in South Africa. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0217409.


Feger, C., Mermet, L., Vira, B., Addison, P.F.E., Barker, R., Birkin, F., Burns, J., Cooper, S., Couvet, D., Cuckston, T., Daily, G.C., Dey, C., Gallagher, L., Hails, R., Jollands, S., Mace, G., Mckenzie, E., Milne, M., Quattrone, P., Rambaud, A., Russell, S., Santamaria, M. and Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Four priorities for new links between conservation science and accounting research. Conservation Biology

Bal, P., A. Tulloch, P. F. E Addison, E. McDonald-Madden and J. R. Rhodes. 2018. Selecting indicator species for biodiversity management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Addison, P. F. E.J. W. Bull, and E. J. Milner-Gulland. 2018. Using conservation science to advance corporate biodiversity accountability. Conservation Biology.

Addison, P. F. E., and J. W. Bull. 2018. Conservation accord: Corporate incentives. Science 360:1195-1196.

Arlidge, W.N.S., Bull, J.W., Addison, P.F.E., Burgass, M.J., Gianuca, D., Gorham, T.M., Jacob, C., Lloyd, S.P., Shumway, N., Watson, J.E.M., Wilcox, C., Milner-Gulland, E.J., 2018. A global mitigation hierarchy for nature conservation. Bioscience,

Bednarek, A. T., Wyborn, C., Cvitanovic, C., Meyer, R., Colvin, R. M., Addison, P. F. E., Close, S. L., et al. 2018. Boundary spanning at the science–policy interface: the practitioners’ perspectives. Sustainability Science:

Burgass, M. J., Arlidge, W. N. S., Addison, P. F. E., 2018. Overstating the value of the IUCN red list for business decision‐making. Conservation Letters,

Burgess G, Zain S, Milner-Gulland EJ, Eisingerich EB, Sharif V, Ibbett H, Olmedo Castro A, Sohl H. (2018) Reducing Demand for illegal wildlife products. Research analysis on strategies to change illegal wildlife product consumer behavior. Research report for DEFRA (Ref:WC1110). Available from:     

Dobson AD, Milner‐Gulland EJ, Beale CM, Ibbett H, and Keane A. (2018) Detecting deterrence from patrol data. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.13222

Guerrero, A., Bennett, N., Wilson, K., Carter, N., Gill, D., Mills, M., Ives, C. D., Selinske, M. J., Larrosa, C., Bekessy, S., Januchowski-Hartley, F., Travers, H., Wyborn, C. A., & Nuno, A. (2018). Achieving the promise of integration in social-ecological research: a review and prospectus. Ecology and Society23(3).

H. Resit Akçakaya, Elizabeth L. Bennett, Thomas M. Brooks, Molly K. GraceAnna Heath, Simon Hedges, Craig Hilton‐Taylor,Michael Hoffmann, David A. Keith, Barney Long, David P. Mallon, Erik Meijaard, E.J. Milner‐Gulland, Ana S.L. Rodrigues, Jon Paul Rodriguez, .J. Stephenson, Simon N. Stuart, Richard P. Young. Quantifying species recovery and conservation success to develop an IUCN Green List of Species.

Miquelle, D. G., Poole, C. M., Mahood, S. P., Travers, H., Linkie, M., Goodrich, J., Walston, J., Rotha, K., & Rabinowtiz, A. (2018). Comments on “a framework for assessing readiness for tiger reintroductions”. Biodiversity and Conservation27(12), 3287-3293.

Richard A. Kock, Mukhit Orynbayev, Sarah Robinson, Steffen Zuther, Navinder J. Singh, Wendy Beauvais,, Eric R. Morgan, Aslan Kerimbayev, Sergei Khomenko, Henny M. Martineau, Rashida Rystaeva, Zamira Omarova, Sara Wolfs, Florent Hawotte, Julien Radoux and Eleanor J. Milner-Gulland. Saigas on the brink: Multidisciplinary analysis of the factors influencing mass mortality events

Pienkowski, T., Dickens, B.L., Sun, H., & Carrasco, L.R. 2018. Linking forests, deforestation, and nutritional outcomes: An observational study in nine African countries. The Lancet Planetary Health, 2(meeting abstract S4).

Poore, J. & Nemecek, T. (2018). “Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers.” Science. 360 (6392), 987-992.

Salk, C., & Travers, H. (2018). Not all group incentives are created equally. Conservation Letters11(1), e12432.

Redpath, S. M., Keane, A., Andrén, H., Baynham-Herd, Z., Bunnefeld, N., Duthie, A. B., Pollard, C. R., Rakotonarivo, S., Salk, C. F., & Travers, H. (2018). Games as Tools to Address Conservation Conflicts. Trends in ecology & evolution33(6), 415-426.

Travers, H., Clements, T., & Milner-Gulland, E. J. (2016). Predicting responses to conservation interventions through scenarios: A Cambodian case study. Biological Conservation204, 403-410.